Comparing Numbers (Less Than, Greater Than, and Equal)

π€ Check out these statements.

429<835

87>61

Do you remember what these **symbols **mean? π€

Very good! π

**< **is the **less than symbol.**Β

** > **is the **greater than symbol.**

π These are **comparison symbols.**

In previous grades, you learned how to **compare **numbers.

Let's review that today. π

Numbers can have **1 digit, 2 digits, 3 digits, or more.**

π **1-digit numbers **only have a digit at the **Ones **place value.

**π 2-digit numbers **have digits at the **Tens **and **Ones **place values.

**π 3-digit numbers **have digits at the **Hundreds**, **Tens **and **Ones **place values.

**π 4-digit Numbers **have digits at the **Thousands**, **Hundreds**, **Tens **and **Ones **place values.

Checking which number is bigger or smaller is called **comparing**.

We use **comparison symbols (>, < and =) **to compare numbers.

Here's what each comparison symbol means:

**TIP FOR REMEMBERING!**

For **greater than **and **less than **symbols, the wide open mouth of the symbol **always faces **the larger number.

π To compare any two numbers, follow these steps:

**Step 1: ****Always **start from the digits at the **highest place value.**

**Step 2: ****Compare the digits **at this place value in both numbers. The number with the bigger digit is greater.

**Step 3: **If the digits are **equal,** move one place value to the right π, and repeat **Step 2.**

Let's review these steps with some examples! π€

Compare46and85.Which is greater?

Which digits should we compare first?

That's right!

β
We start by comparing the digits at the **highest place value.** Here, it's the **Tens** place.

Which number has the bigger digit? π€

Very good! 85 has a bigger digit at the Tens place.

So,

46<85

__

Let's try another example.

Which is larger,2,953or2,953?

π Let's follow the steps again.

β
We first compare the digits at the **highest place value.** Here, it is the Thousands place.

But wait! These digits are equal. π€

What do we do now?

You got it! π

β
We move **one place value to the right **π and compare the digits at the Hundreds place.

These digits are equal too. π€

β
So, we again move **one place value to the right **π and compare the digits at the Tens place.

What do you see?

Correct! The digits are equal again. π€

β
For one last time, we again move **one place value to the right **π, and compare the digits at the Ones place.

What do you see? π€

**All digits in the numbers are equal.**

So,

2,953=2,953

Nice work! π

__

Let's try one more example.

Compare3,148and692.

Let's follow the steps again! π€

β
We start with the digits at the **highest place value.**

Which is the highest place value here? π€

Very good! It is the **Thousands **place value.

β
Since the number 692 has no digit at this place value, we can put a **zero (0) **there.

Now, let's compare!

What do you see?

You're right!

3,148 has a greater digit at the Thousands place.

So,

3,148>692

Great job! π

You now know how to compare numbers! π Now try some questions.Β

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